Prevalence of the HDI: Alternative consideration of employment factors from 30 OECD countries

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Published Mar 20, 2021
Diana Lestari Dio Caisar Darma Made Setini Purwadi


The HDI has played an influential role in the debate on human development for many years. However, no index is perfect in the HDI. It can be argued that the current HDI does not totally reflect human development performance, and thus proper rankings for some countries. Therefore, this article aims to construct a new composite index for the development performance of a sample of 30 organizations for OECD countries by adding a fourth indicator, namely the employment rate to the calculation of HDI. Including employment factors in HDI as a new indicator has not only made the index more comprehensive but also presented a more suitable dimension for assessing the development performance of countries. By considering these factors, it is hoped that people will get a decent income in order to achieve a level of welfare.

How to Cite

Lestari , D. ., Darma, D. C., Setini , M. ., & Purwadi, . P. (2021). Prevalence of the HDI: Alternative consideration of employment factors from 30 OECD countries. Journal of Research in Emerging Markets, 3(2), 13–26.
Abstract 43 | PDF Downloads 36

Article Details


Development, HDI, Employment, OECD Countries, Time-series



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