Improving ICT and renewable energy for environmental sustainability in sub-Saharan Africa

Main Article Content

Article Sidebar

Published Jun 10, 2020
Kabiru Maji Ibrahim Salisu Ibrahim Waziri


The study investigates the role of information and communication technology (ICT) and renewable energy on environmental sustainability in sub-Saharan Africa. The system generalized method of moments (GMM) was employed to estimate data of 45 sub-Saharan countries that cover the 2008 -2016 period. Result reveals that increasing ICT penetration and renewable energy use reduce CO2 emissions and improves environmental sustainability. Economic growth and population growth also mitigate CO2 emissions while education and trade openness have a neutral impact. These findings imply that increasing penetration of ICT facilities and renewable energy in the region will promote inclusive environmental sustainability. The interactive estimation of ICT variables was further considered to determine net effects and the ICT threshold that is relevant for policy implication.

How to Cite

Ibrahim, K. M., & Waziri , S. I. . (2020). Improving ICT and renewable energy for environmental sustainability in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Research in Emerging Markets, 2(3), 82–90.
Abstract 96 | PDF Downloads 85

Article Details


ICT, information and communication technology, renewable energy, sustainable environment, sub-Saharan Africa



Abu, T. & Bressler, L. (2019). Energy security in Israel and Jordan: The role of renewable energy sources. Renewable Energy, 135, 378–389.

Arellano, M. & Bond, S. (1991). Some tests of specification for panel data: Monte Carlo evidence and an application to employment equations. Rev. Economic Studies, 58 (2), 277–297.

Arellano, M. & Bover, O. (1995). Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error components models. Journal of Econometrics 68 (1), 29–51.

Asongu, S. A., Le, S. & Biekpe, N. (2017a). Enhancing ICT for environmental sustainability in sub-Saharan Africa. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 1–8.

Asongu, S. A., Le, S.& Biekpe, N. (2017b). Environmental degradation, ICT, and inclusive development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Energy Policy, 111, 353–361

Asongu, S. A., & Acha-Anyi, P. N., (2019). The Murder Epidemic: A Global Comparative Study. International Criminal Justice Review, 29(2), 105-120.

Asongu, S. A., & Odhiambo, N. M., (2019). Insurance Policy Thresholds for Economic Growth in Africa. The European Journal of Development; DOI: /10.1057/s41287-019-00234-2.

Boateng, A., Asongu, S. A., Akamavi, R., & Tchamyou, V. S., (2018). Information Asymmetry and Market Power in the African Banking Industry. Journal of Multinational Financial Management, 44(March), 69-83.

Benighaus, C. (2019). Neither risky technology nor renewable electricity: Contested frames in the development of geothermal energy in Germany. Energy Research & Social Science, 47(August 2018), 46–55.

Baltagi, B. H. (2008). Forecasting with panel data. Journal of Forecast 27 (2), 153–173.

Bhattacharya, M., Awaworyi Churchill, S. &Paramati, S. R. (2017). The dynamic impact of renewable energy and institutions on economic output and CO2 emissions across regions. Renewable Energy, 111, 157–167.

Blundell, R. & Bond, S. (1998). Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models. Journal of Econometrics 87 (1), 115–143.

Céspedes-lorente, J. J., & Magán-díaz, A. (2018). Information technologies and downsizing: Examining their impact on economic performance. Information & Management, (April 2016),

Donou-adonsou, F. (2018). Technology, education, and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Telecommunications Policy, (August),

Erumban, A. A. & Kusum, D. (2016). Information and communication technology and economic growth in India. Telecommunications Policy, 40(5), 412–431.

Hache, E. (2018). Do renewable energies improve energy security in the long run? International Economics, 156 ,127–135.

Haftu, G. G. (2018). Information communications technology and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A panel data approach. Telecommunications Policy, 1–13.

IEA (2017). International Energy Agency.

Jorgenson, D. W., Ho, M. S. & Samuels, J. D. (2016). The impact of information technology on postwar US economic growth. Telecommunications Policy, 40(5), 398–411.

Lin, B. & Chen, Y. (2019). Does electricity price matter for innovation in renewable energy technologies in China? Energy Economics, 78, 259–266.

Mehdi, B. J. & Slim, B. Y. (2017). The role of renewable energy and agriculture in reducing CO2 emissions: Evidence for North Africa countries. Ecological Indicators, 74, 295–301.

Pfeifer, A., Dobravec, V., Pavlinek, L.&Kraja, G. (2018). Integration of renewable energy and demand response technologies in interconnected energy systems. Energy. 161, 447-455.

Pradhan, R. P., Arvin, M. B. & Norman, N. R. (2015). The dynamics of information and communications technologies infrastructure, economic growth, and financial development: Evidence from Asian countries. Technology in Society, 42, 135–149.

Pradhan, R. P., Mallik, G. & Bagchi, T. P. (2018). Information communication technology (ICT) infrastructure and economic growth: A causality evinced by cross-country panel data. IIMB Management Review, 30(1), 91–103.

Ribeiro, F., Ferreira, P., Araújo, M. & Braga, A. C. (2018). Modeling perception and attitudes towards renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy, 122, 688–697.

Roodman, D. (2009). How to do xtabond2: An introduction to difference and system GMM in Stata. Stata Journal, 9 (1), 86–136.

Salahuddin, M. & Alam, K. (2016). Information and communication technology, electricity consumption, and economic growth in OECD countries: A panel data analysis. Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 76, 185–193.

Tchamyou, V.S., Erreygers, G., & Cassimon, D., (2019). Inequality, ICT, and Financial Access in Africa, Technological Forecasting and Social Change,139, 169- 184.

Thompson, M. (2018). Social capital, innovation, and economic growth. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 73, 46–52.

World Bank. (2016). World Development Indicators. Available at

World Bank. (2016). African Development Indicators. Available at

Yang, Y., Ren, J., Stubbe, H., Xu, D. & Tien, T. (2018). Using multi-criteria analysis to prioritize renewable energy home heating technologies, 29, 36–43.