Factors affecting Happiness of Expatriate Academicians and Expatriate Non-Academicians in Dubai
Keywords:Happiness, Life satisfaction, Job Satisfaction, Work-family conflict, Autonomy, Academics
Purpose: To determine the antecedents of happiness and compare academicians and non-academicians in selected Dubai Universities.
Design/methodological/approach: Qualitative research using in-depth interviews followed by cross-sectional surveys of teaching staff and non-teaching staff from different universities in Dubai.?
Findings: There is no significant relationship between knowledge sharing and happiness of academics and well as non-academics. Happiness is significantly related to the other factors.
Research implications and limitations: The small sample size of the academic group and the study was targeted at the university staff in Dubai only.
Practical implications: The findings of this research gives useful recommendations to Universities to improve happiness among their academic as well as non-academic staff. It will also provide recommendations for developmental purposes for the University of Dubai and the UAE’s “Happiness and Positivity program.”
Originality/value: No known research studies the determinants of happiness for academics and non-academics in Dubai Universities.
Paper type: Research paper
Baron, R., & Kenny, D. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1173-1182.
Bartol, K. a. (2000). Incentives and motivation. In: Compensation in organizations: Progress and prospects. S. Rynes & B. Gerhardt (Eds.), 104-147.
Brey, P. (1999). Worker autonomy and the drama of digital networks in organizations. . Journal of Business Ethics, 15-25.
Byron, K. (2005). A meta-analytical review of work-family conflict and its antecedents. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 169-198.
Chakravarthy, B. Z. (1999). Knowledge sharing in organizations: A field study. St. Paul: University of Minnesota, Strategic Management Resource Center.
Chan, G. M. (2005). Happiness in University Education . International Review of Economics Education, 20–45.
Chen, J. R.-H. (2000). Faculty autonomy: Perspectives from Taiwan. Higher Education, 203-216.
Chimanikire, P. M. (2007). Factors affecting job satisfaction among academic professionals in tertiary institutions in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Business Management.
Chompoo. (2015, June 6). Life-satisfaction and Its 7 Contributors - Positive Psychology Program. Retrieved from Positivepsychologyprogram.com: https://positivepsychologyprogram.com/life-satisfaction/
Christiana, O. O. (2013). Work-Family role conflict among academic women in Nigerian Public Universities. International Academic Conference Proceedings. Osun State, Nigeria.
Chung, K. H. (1977). Motivational theories and practices. . Grid.
Cohn, M. A. (2009). Happiness unpacked: positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilience. Emotion, 361.
Diener, E. E. ( 1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
Duong, M.-Q. (2013). The Effects of Demographic and Institutional Characteristics on Job Satisfaction of University Faculty in Vietnam. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 78-92.
Eyupoglu, S. Z. (2009). The relationship between job satisfaction and academic rank: a study of academicians in Northern Cyprus. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 686-691.
Fischer, R. a. (2011). What is more important for national well-being: money or autonomy? A meta-analysis of well-being, burnout, and anxiety across 63 societies. Journal of personality and social psychology, 164.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of marketing research, 382-388.
GNH. (2017, February 10). Centre for Bhutan Studies and GNH. Retrieved from http://www.bhutanstudies.org.bt/: http://www.grossnationalhappiness.com/articles/
Greenhaus, J. H. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of management review, 76-88.
Greenhaus, J. H. (2006). Health consequences of work-family conflict: The dark side of the work-family interface. In Employee health, coping and methodologies. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 61-98.
Ipe, M. (2003). Knowledge sharing in organizations: A conceptual framework. Human resource development review, 337-359.
Ismail, M. a. ( 2005). Implication of knowledge management (KM) in higher learning institutions. International Conference on Knowledge Management. Kuala Lumpur: PWTC.
Jahani, S. T. (2011). Is reward system and leadership important in knowledge sharing among academics. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 87-94.
Jain, R. (2012). Employee job happiness quotient in the realm of RSMML. Indian Journal of” Applied Research, 104-107.
Jiang, Z. a. (2016). Knowledge sharing and life satisfaction: The roles of colleague relationships and gender. Social Indicators Research, 379-394.
John F. Helliwell, R. L. (2015). World Happiness Report. Newyork: Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Judge, T. A. (1998). Dispositional effects on job and life satisfaction: The role of core evaluations.Journal of Applied Psychology, 83,17–34.
Kainth, G. S. (2011). Job Satisfaction: A Challenging Area of Research in Education.
Kanaan, R. &. (2013). The impact of knowledge sharing enablers on knowledge sharing capability: An empirical study on Jordanian telecommunication firms. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 9(22).
Karasek Jr, R. A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. . Administrative science quarterly, 285-308.
Langfred, C. W., & Moye, N. A. (2004). Effects of task autonomy on performance: an extended model considering motivational, informational, and structural mechanisms. Journal of applied psychology, 934.
Linn, L. S. (1985). Health status, job satisfaction, job stress, and life satisfaction among academic and clinical faculty. Jama, 2775-2782.
Lu, L. G. (2006). A cross-cultural study of work/family demands, work/family conflict, and wellbeing: the Taiwanese vs. British. Career Development International, 9-27.
Lyubomirsky, S. &. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155.
Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). The how of happiness: A scientific approach to getting the life you want. Penguin.
Martin, B. (2011). 'On being a happy academic.' Australian Universities' Review,, pp. 50-56.
Martínez-Martí, M. L. (2017). The Relationship Between Orientations to Happiness and Job Satisfaction One Year Later in a Representative Sample of Employees in Switzerland. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1-15.
Netemeyer, R. G. (1996 ). Development and validation of work-family conflict and family-work conflict scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81: 400-410.
Ng, Y. K. (1997). A case for happiness, cardinalism, and interpersonal comparability. . The Economic Journal, 1848-1858.
Oswald, A. J. (2015). Happiness and productivity. . Journal of Labor Economics, 789-822.
Ozeki, E. E. (1998). Work-family conflict, policies, and the job-life satisfaction relationship: A review and directions for organizational behavior-human resources research. Journal of applied psychology, 139-149.
Pendery, D. R. (2014). The Taiwanese Student Happiness Initiative: Fulfilling Lives and Success in the Future. . Journal of Social Change, 6(1).
Pryce-Jones, J. (2011). Happiness at work: Maximizing your psychological capital for success. . John Wiley & Sons.
Rashid Aziz, S. M. (2014). Personality and happiness among academicians in Malaysia. . Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 4209-4212.
Remeithi, N. A. (2016, March 23). "UAE Minister Aims To Maintain Happiness Established By Leaders 2016. Web. 9 June 2016. Retrieved from The National: http://www.thenational.ae/
Robertson, T. (2016). Retrieved from http://work.chron.com: http://work.chron.com/effects-autonomy-job-satisfaction-14677.html
Saragih, S. (2011). The Effects of Job Autonomy on Work Outcomes: Self Efficacy as an Intervening Variable. International Research Journal of Business Studies,, 203-215.
Seetubtim, M. (2016, July 2). "Why You Should Focus on Happiness, Not Productivity",. Retrieved from www.huffingtonpost.com: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mo-seetubtim/why-you-should-focus-on-h_b_7703896.html
Skaik, H. &. (2014). Determinants of Knowledge Sharing Behaviour among Academics in United Arab Emirates. . International Journal Of Knowledge And Systems Science, 54-70.
Smart Dubai. (2016, May). Retrieved from www.smartdubai.ae: http://www.smartdubai.ae/story060202.php
Sohail, M. S. (2009). Knowledge sharing in higher education institutions: Perspectives from Malaysia. Vine , 125-142.
Spreitzer, G. (2007). Taking stock: A review of more than twenty years of research on empowerment at work. In C. Cooper & J. Barling (Eds.), The handbook of organizational behaviour. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage Publications.
Thompson, C. A. (2005). Relationships Among Organizational Family Support, Job Autonomy, Perceived Control, and Employee Well-Being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, p100-118. 19p.
Trivellas, P. A. (2015). The impact of knowledge sharing culture on job satisfaction in accounting firms. The mediating effect of general competencies. Procedia Economics and Finance, 238-247.
Weaver, C. (1978). Job satisfaction as a component of happiness among males and females. Personnel Psychology, 831-840.